’Earthrise’ – Earth above the lunar horizon. This famous image was captured by Apollo 8 crewmember Bill Anders on December 24, 1968, while in orbit around the Moon.
“Worthy are you, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honour and power, for you created all things, . . . .”. (Revelation 4.11) In this session of the Big Journey we unpack the first two chapters of Genesis. From a dark lifeless ball shrouded in water, God creates our stunningly beautiful world lit by sun and moon, and by the stars and galaxies that stretch for unimaginable distances into space. And He creates mankind to fill it and have dominion over it. How does He do this, and why?
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Summary of session 2
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The creation account divides into three parts:
●Genesis 1.1 The first verse of Genesis tells us that God created everything – both this Universe and the created heavenly realms, too, that we cannot see.
●Genesis 1.2-2.3 God (so to speak) ‘zooms in’ on this Earth. It’s a dark lifeless ball, and step by step God transforms it into this beautiful world. He does this in six days, and rests on the seventh day. Each of the six creative days begins with God’s creative, powerful words – “And God said . . .” .
●Genesis 2.4-25 God ‘zooms in’ even more closely to a specific region on Earth. He gives us an intimate and more detailed view of how He made mankind and the garden paradise that was to be His home and theirs.
In the first chapter of Genesis, God uses two words for ‘create’ or ‘make’. One of them is bara’ (used in verses 1, 21 and 27). This word, as used here, tells us that God is creating something quite new and different. And so this word is pointing out the three distinct orders of God’s creation: (1) non-conscious things – sun, moon and stars, and the earth with its vegetation; (2) conscious life – the animals (3) self-conscious life – mankind.
Before the first creation day, Earth was “formless and empty” (NIV). So God gives it form – He brings order out of chaos. Then He fills it – the land with vegetation, the sky with sun and moon and stars, the air with birds, and the seas and the land with all kinds of living creatures. Finally, He makes man.
God finishes all His creative work, and pronounces it “very good” . On the seventh day, He rests. He has ordered its chaos and filled its emptiness. All is now exactly as He wanted it to be. All is in perfect harmony.
In chapter 2 God fills in the details of how He made humans, both male and female. He plants a well-watered paradise in Eden, and there He places Adam.
And notice the change in God’s name here. In Genesis 1.1-2.3, He is called “God” , which translates the Hebrew word ’Elohim . This word expresses God’s sovereign omnipotence. But in the remainder of chapter 2, from 2.4 onwards, He is called “the LORD God” . The word “God” here is ’Elohim, as before. But now this name is combined with “LORD” , which translates the Hebrew word Yahweh. This is God’s personal name. It reveals Him as a God Who relates to His people by making covenants with them. The omnipotent sovereign Creator is His people’s faithful covenant Partner.
But Adam is alone, and that is “not good” . God brings the animals and birds to Adam, who names them. But Adam still lacks a real companion. So God creates Eve to be “a helper comparable to him” (Genesis 2.18 NKJV) – a partner who matched him perfectly.
God gives mankind responsibility. Adam and Eve are called to care for and protect the Garden of Eden. They are to have dominion over the Earth, to “fill” it and “subdue” it and develop and use its diverse and bountiful resources. Through science, technology and the arts, we are to be culture-builders.
Adam and Eve began life in Eden, but as their family grew ever larger, they were to push the garden’s boundaries out to the farthest corners of the Earth. Gregory Beale comments: “This meant the presence of God which was limited to Eden was to be extended throughout the whole earth.”
Bible passages and questions
Read Genesis 1.1-2.25, Psalms 19.1-6, John 1.1-5, Romans 1.20, and Colossians 1.15-17.
?Creation days 1 to 3 relate closely to days 4 to 6. In what way?
?Why does the Bible stress that the creation is very good?
?The description of how God made man is rather different from the description of how He made everything else (see Genesis 1.26-28, 2.7). In what ways? And what does that teach us about ourselves?
?Why does the name of God change at Genesis 2.4?
?Why does God plant a garden and what was so special about it?
?We, too, are new creations (2 Corinthians 5.17, Galatians 6.15). How does the creation account in Genesis 1 reflect our own creation as God’s new people? (2 Corinthians 4.6 is also relevant here.)
?What does the creation we see about us tell us about God?
CREDITS ► Text copyright © 2017 Robert Gordon Betts ► Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version, published by HarperCollins Publishers. © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. ► Scripture quotations marked ‘NIV’ are taken from The Holy Bible, New International Version (Anglicised edition). Copyright © 1979, 1984, 2011 by Biblica (formerly International Bible Society). Used by permission of Hodder & Stoughton Publishers, an Hachette UK company. All rights reserved. ‘NIV’ is a registered trademark of Biblica (formerly International Bible Society). UK trademark number 1448790.